Students start by participating in a Citizens Panel, where they are tasked with making an ethical judgment on a community issue. They explore and interrogate their personal value systems and understand how these values were developed. Students determine their ethical decision-making profile and learn about the different profiles that underpin others’ ethical decisions. They then practise integrating different perspectives and developing the skills they need to effectively work with those who see the world differently to them.
Participants realize the impact of their personal choices and actions through a simple, iterated prisoner’s dilemma. They engage in a scenario-based challenge with another participant, adopting the roles of siblings who have a list of chores to complete together. The chores are to be done during their free time, however, each sibling would prefer to use that time doing something much more fun than chores. Their objective is to accumulate as much free time as possible and they must decide if they will complete the chore with their sibling and have some free time or leave their sibling to do the chore alone and end up with the maximum amount of free time for themselves.
Following the challenge, participants reflect on the strategies they used, the outcomes they achieved, and how they might have done better next time, including examining Tit-for-Tat, the most successful strategy in the two-party prisoner’s dilemma. They come to understand how acting in their own short-term self-interest can lead to poor collective outcomes and how their individual actions matter – how they play does not just determine their own outcome, it also determines the outcome of the collective and how others are likely to treat them over time.
What’s the Score?
Participants consider how their choices and actions have an impact on others. Through the concrete example of littering, participants are introduced to a simple scoring framework for personal accountability. Working in small groups, participants identify actions that have a positive, neutral and negative impact across the three spheres of citizenship (i.e., friends & family, my community, and the bigger world). Each group receives another group’s list of actions and is tasked with analyzing the impact of each action and identifying how the actions can be celebrated or improved.
Participants compete in a small team challenge to collaboratively identify everyday objects with each person only seeing one piece of the object. Each participant has access to one piece of evidence for one minute before returning to their group to discuss their findings and piece together a conclusion. The activity progresses over three rounds of increasing difficulty and participants are coached throughout on how to enhance their ability to positively contribute to their group’s success and to integrate different ideas. Participants appreciate the different ways they can collaborate with others and the benefits of integrating multiple perspectives to help generate creative solutions and amplify their impact.
Participants create a vision of their ‘better self’ that can serve as a goal for their own individual journey. They reflect on their path towards their better self, identifying areas where their actions match their vision and areas where they can continue to improve. They share their vision and reflections with others and collaborate to identify ways they can all get closer to being their better selves. Participants recognize and appreciate that their personal development as an active citizen is an on-going process.
I Resolve To
Participants reflect on what they have learnt and make a commitment for future action. Individually, they complete an appreciative inquiry reflection using a traffic light concept whereby they record an action they will continue doing (orange), an action they need to stop (red) and an action they will begin to do (green) so that in time it becomes a new green. Each participant is given an “I Resolve To…” card, to record their commitment. Participants are encouraged to share their I Resolve To with another person and to hold each other accountable. They take the cards away with them and are encouraged to keep them somewhere they can see daily so that it acts as a further incentive for them to take action.